Born in Cartagena, Colombia in 1945, Barrios attended the School of Fine Arts of the Universidad del Atlantico in Barranquilla, Colombia. He later studied in Italy at the Università di Perugia and in la Fondazione Giorgio Cini di Venezia, f. Since the 1970s, Barrios has been representing his country at the Sao Paulo Biennials as well as The Tokyo Print Biennial, The Paris Young Artists Biennial, The Havana Biennial, The Cracovia Print Biennial, The Buenos Aires Triennial and The Poligraphic Triennial of San Juan, among others. In 2001 he received a prize as the best Latin American Artist at the Buenos Aires Triennial. His work is represented in major international collections like The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Brooklyn Museum, The Art Gallery of Western Australia in Perth and The Museum of Latin American Art in Washington.
He has been included in numerous exhibitions such as “MOMA at El Museo: Latin American & Caribbean Art from the collection of The Museum of Modern Art” at Museo del Barrio in 2004 and in 2007, he was part of “New Perspectives in Latin American Art, 1930-2006: Selections from a Decade of Acquisitions” at the MOMA. In February 2008, he was invited to give a lecture on his texts “Dreams About Marcel Duchamp” at The Museum of Modern Art’s Celeste Barthos Theater, in New York.