Maurice Brianchon, French (1899 - 1979)

Maurice Brianchon

Brianchon Maurice is a French painter, born January 11, 1899 in Fresnay-sur-Sarthe and died on 1 March 1979 in Paris.

In 1917, Maurice Brianchon between the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts of Paris in Fernand Cormon workshop and in 1918 left this school to follow at the National School of Decorative Arts courses Eugene Island Morand (1853-1930) 2 who taught there since 1908. There he met Roland Oudot, Raymond Legueult, Joseph Inguimberty, François Desnoyers, Jacques Adnet and Kostya Terechkovitch. He exhibited for the first time at the Salon d'Automne in 1919. A trip to Belgium and the Netherlands introduced him to the Flemish and Dutch painters through the museums he visited Brussels, Antwerp, Bruges and Amsterdam. This is the time he rereads the Masters of Eugene Fromentin once. He left the decorative arts.

In 1922 he became a member of the Salon d'Automne of the committee and takes with his friend Raymond Legueult a Maine Avenue studio in Paris. Jacques Rouche, director of the Paris Opera asked him to create the costumes for the ballet Griselidis which will premiere on November 29, 1922. In 1924, he received the Blumenthal prize and a scholarship to the School of Decorative Arts that allow it to do, in the company of Legueult, a trip to Spain where they discover in the Prado museum masters of Spanish painting as they admire and they make copies: Diego Velazquez, Goya, El Greco.

It's always in the company of Legueult it will build the sets of The Birth of Lyra at the Paris Opera in 1925, the first will take place on 1 July 1925. He was appointed professor of drawing at the School Estienne in Paris in October of the same year. June 18, 1934, he married the painter Marguerite Louppe he has knowledge at the Académie Julian and at the Academy de la Grande Chaumiere, and participated in the Venice Biennale with six paintings.

In 1936 he became a professor at the National School of Decorative Arts in Paris.

He received in 1939 the Garden Club Prize of the Carnegie Institute. Then explodes World War II, mobilized and is assigned to the camouflage section where he met other colleagues. It creates the sets and costumes of noble and sentimental Valses for the Paris Opera. He became a member of the Salon des Tuileries committee in 1940. It is very often to Paris and sometimes share the summer holiday in Carnac or Trouville.

Demobilized he worked in the Opera and in his bright studio in the attic on the 8th floor of the Conseiller Collignon of the street in the district of La Muette in Paris, and designs sets and costumes for Sylvia or the Nymph of Diana with music Léo Delibes in 1941. at the request of his friend Jacques Adnet, the designer of Company of French arts, he directed in 1942 several Aubusson tapestries and Goblins themed festivals of Vaux-le-Vicomte the same year, created for the Paris Opera costumes Animal models whose music is his friend Francis Poulenc. In 1943, with his wife, he decorated three wall panels, which is still the Conservatory of Music and Dramatic Art of Paris. Robert Rey commissioned in 1945, the decoration of seventy four plates of Sevres white service.

In 1945, Fred Ulher, founder and president of Ides and Kalends Publishing Neufchatel, asked, with its director Richard Heyd, kindly illustrate headpieces headbands and two works by Valery Larbaud: A nun and The Ship of Theseus completed printed in 1946, and the full theater of André Gide. Then at the request of Jean-Louis Barrault and Madeleine Renaud, he made the sets and costumes for The False Confessions of Marivaux.

Leon Knight Deshairs gives him the insignia of the Legion of Honour and Luc-Albert Moreau send him a note [ref. necessary] for the compliment, saying: "Congratulations my dear Brianchon, this tape dedicated not only your fine talent, but your fearless attitude during the Occupation, friends welcome this distinction." He worked again with Barrault and Renaud in the fall of 1948 to the sets and costumes for The Second Surprise of Love by Marivaux.

In 1949 he was appointed professor at the National School of Fine Arts in Paris, replacing his former master, died. Among his students: Guy Bardone Andre Brasilier, Bernard Cathelin Rene Genis, Paul Guiramand Claude Guillemot. The President of the Republic Vincent Auriol, who is an admirer of the artist, invited with his wife regularly at official or private functions it gives to the Elysee Palace, and Maurice Brianchon take this opportunity to making sketches which he will perform later paintings of these ceremonies. Gisèle of Assailly gives his book the title of Painters of poetic reality in 1949 to describe the work of eight artists who exhibited together in the interwar period and have a number of commonalities. These are: Maurice Brianchon, Christian Caillard, Jules Cavaillès, Raymond Legueult Roger Limouse Roland Oudot, Andre and Kostya Planson Terechkovitch. In 1951, the Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris organized a retrospective of his work in thirty five hundred exhibitors paintings, especially watercolors, drawings, lithographs and tapestries.

For the Paris Opera and his friend Francis Poulenc, he made the sets and costumes ballet Aubade in 1952. On 13 May 1953 the President of the Republic Vincent Auriol gives him the insignia of Officer of the Legion of Honour and , in June, he was appointed by the Directorate of Arts and Letters at the request of the British government to attend the coronation of Elizabeth II, which it will report two sketchbooks that will serve him to make eight small paintings Format devoted to the event. Alfred Daber realized in 1954 an exhibition of these works in his Paris gallery of No. 103 Boulevard Haussmann which of the twenty two paintings selected, those of the coronation of the Queen of England.

He realizes in 1955, sets and costumes by Jean Giraudoux Intermezzo, music by Francis Poulenc, the first of which is given by the Renaud-Barrault Company March 17, 1955 with Pierre Bertin. He is a member of the jury of the Seventh Quadrennial Nazionale d'Arte di Roma with Jean Arp in 1956, the prize is awarded to Enrico Prampolini. In June, the Arthur Tooth Gallery is an exhibition of thirty-two of his paintings. Michel Bouquet, director and actor of The House of heartbreak that goes to the theater of the Work in 1958, asked Maurice Brianchon to make the sets and costumes which Maurice Jarre realized the music of the work of George Bernard Shaw. He participated in the exhibition of painters of poetic reality in La Tour-de-Peilz in Switzerland whose catalog is directed by François Daulte and preface by Paul Morand. There exposes forty-one drawings, paintings, watercolors, lithographs and tapestries by artist Roland Oudot and Legueult that Morand was known to the art deco forty years ago, and praised their work. It sets off a series of studies to make lithographs to illustrate The False Confessions of Marivaux that will appear in 1959 on the presses at arm Maurice Mourlot and his brother Fernand Mourlot, published by Alfred Daber.

This year, 1959, he moved with his wife to the United States for the first time. David B. Findlay Gallery in New York devotes an exhibition of thirty paintings between 1942 and 1959. He will take the opportunity to bring a series of sketches of the skyscrapers of Manhattan and the banks of the Hudson from which he will realize later paintings. It was Jean-Louis Barrault who made the preface to the exhibition catalog. The following year, a second exhibition will be devoted to it by the same gallery. In the fall, Georges Wildenstein obtains an exhibition of one hundred and three works presented in Neuchâtel be exhibited at the gallery of Fine Arts in Paris. He spends his holidays in the Périgord Truffières where he painted still lifes and landscapes. He restored an old house near Grand-Brassac.

In 1969 Brianchon knows the consecration in Japan, thanks to the exhibition devoted to him the Japanese Chozo Yoshii gallery presenting twenty of his works in Tokyo. The following year, he will illustrate color lithographs Wheat grass Colette, in a luxury edition. Matasaka Ogawa devotes a monograph in 1972 in Japanese, prefaced by the Chozo Yoshii gallery, which seems to editions Zauho Press in Tokyo. A new exhibition in Switzerland in Geneva organized by the Granges gallery devoted fifty years of painting with fifty six paintings. Then, in 1975, a fifth exhibition in New York is held in the new premises of the gallery of David Findlay. Sponsored by the Yomiuri Shimbun, the Tokyo Daimaru gallery organizes in June an exhibition on the painters of poetic reality, presenting works of masters eight, ten Maurice Brianchon, reproduced in color in the catalog of the exhibition.

Two years later, he died at his Paris home on 1 March 1979.

In 2013 held the dispersal of part of the artist's studio following the succession of his son Pierre-Antoine Brianchon at the Hotel Toulon of sales of 7 to 9 April, including in particular two hundred paintings and unpublished original of the artist and his wife.

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