Alexander Brodsky, Russian (1955 - )

Alexander Brodsky and Ilya Utkin
Alexander Brodsky was educated at the Moscow Architecture Institute where he graduated in 1978. Brodsky's first encounter with the public eye was during the late 1970s. He was a key member of the paper architects (visionary architecture), and furthermore, worked alongside Ilya Utkin in his etchings of distorted cityscapes. Paper architecture was a response to state sanctioned architecture that consisted of standardised and often poorly constructed buildings, which imbued their environments with a communist aesthetic. Such a response allowed paper architects to retreat into their imaginations and defy uniform Soviet architecture through vivid depictions of constructivism, deconstructivism and postmodernism. According to Anna Sokolina, paper architects rose to prominence within the Western world as many of their works won prestigious awards in professional competitions and helped to shape an understanding of Russian modern and postmodern architecture. Scholarship has shown that the whimsical and constructivist etchings of Brodsky and Utkin translate mere illustrations into narratives through the introduction of human characters. These were narratives that voiced man's alienation within the urban world and provided a commentary on the loss of Moscows historical architectural heritage.

Alexander Brodsky is an architect and former member of the group Paper Architects operating in Russia in the 1980s, whose work centred around a refusal to take part in state sponsored architectural production of low-quality, standardised buildings. During the 1990s Brodsky produced contemporary art, moving to New York in 1996. In 2000 he returned to Russia to finally practice freely as an architect, working out of a small office in Moscow State Museum, an indication of the regard in which he is now held in his home country. Brodsky's work is characterised by a concern with traditional building, using local materials to produce an architecture that celebrates Russian heritage whilst at the same time acting as a critique of the unregulated and corrupt building industry.

His work thus stands in contrast to the untethered development occurring in Russia, in particular in Moscow and in the threat to St Petersburg's world heritage status. Whilst Western 'star architects' are building controversial projects, Brodsky's architecture remains restrained, blurring the line between art and architecture. He has built a pavilion made completely out of discarded timber window frames from industrial warehouses, a monument to the wanton destruction of Russia's industrial heritage as well as a celebration of Russian tradition-the pavilion was designed for vodka drinking ceremonies. He has built another pavilion in the middle of a frozen lake with ice cubes, whilst his very first commission in 2002 was for a restaurant. Built on wooden stilts by a reservoir, the whole structure is tilted at an angle of 95° and infilled with wood and plastic. Brodsky's architecture combines local and reused materials to produce buildings that are both traditional and modern, his sombre buildings acting as a reminder of the fragility of the city. Although aesthetically very different, his reuse of old windows, bits of timber and glass to make new structures is similar to the approach taken by the Dutch practice, 2012 Architecten, of recycling materials without reprocessing.

Brodsky travelled to New York in 1990 at the invitation of gallerist Ronald Feldman and then moved there in 1996 to complete public projects as well as personal installations. In 1996 the Public Art Fund asked Brodsky to transform an unused set of tracks in the Canal Street subway station. Brodsky transformed the station for two months into a Venetian lagoon using a 5000-gallon tank, which held life-size gondolas and cut out passengers. In 1999 Brodsky created Palazzo Nudo in Pittsburgh, a 16 metre high house shaped skeleton with the crumbled ruins of the metropolis heaped in the centre. Coma, 2000, displayed at the Guelman Gallery in Moscow showed the city "as if it was in a hospital or on a surgeon's table" and his work produced for 2006 Venice Architecture Biennale was an ominous and foreboding comment on the doomed fate of Venice sinking into the sea. Night Before the Attack, 2009, discusses the associations of emotion with structure and scale. Brodsky used the title to enlighten the viewer's understanding of a story that lay beneath the artwork. Such a narrative has imbued new meaning and significance to the old structures that have been appropriated within the installation.

Other Works:

Alexander Brodsky, Ingerid Helsing and Einar Bjarki Malmquist, 'Tegningens Virkelighet: Et Intervju med Alexander Brodsky = The Reality of Drawing: An Interview with Alexander Brodsky', Arkitektur N, 90 (2008), 42-51.



Ilya Utkin, Russian (1955 - )

1955
Born in Moscow, USSR.
1978
He graduated from the Moscow Architectural Institute in the group of Professor Boris Barkhin.
1978-1993
Collaboration with Aleksandrom Brodskim.
1994
Studio heads Utkin (Architecture and Design). Professor of the International Academy of Architecture (Moscow). Lives in Moscow.


SELECTED AWARDS
1978
The second prize contest on OISTT «Theater for future generations", Paris (1993 until all prizes obtained with A. Brodsky).
1982
First prize in the competition JA «Crystal Palace», Tokyo.
1983
Third prize in the competition JA «Residence historical and local", Tokyo.
1984
Second prize in the competition JA «Glass Tower", Tokyo.
1985
Second prize in the competition JA «stronghold of resistance", Tokyo.
1986
Second prize in the competition JA «Glass monument in 2001", Tokyo.
1987
Honorable mention in the competition JA «Smart market", Tokyo.
1988
First prize in the design competition "East meets West" Competition Center «Jacob K. Javits », New York.
1997
Third prize in the competition JA «Millennium Tower", Tokyo.
Third place in the ranking of Architecture "top 10 buildings of the decade", Moscow (the place is divided by A. Brodsky and E. Monakhov)
Second place in the competition "Best Project of the Year" of the Russian Union of Architects (with S. Shestopalov).
2000
"Star of the Golden Lion." For contribution to the exposition of the Russian pavilion. Venice Biennale. 7th International Architecture Exhibition.
2003
Nomination for the contest "Golden Soffit" for the scenography for the ballet "Cinderella", St. Petersburg.
2003
Nomination for the contest "Golden Mask" for the scenography for the ballet "Cinderella", St. Petersburg.
2004
First prize in the competition "The Ideal City" for the project "The Ark", Moscow.


SELECTED PROJECTS
1984
The project is a pedestrian bridge, Tacoma, United States (together with A. Brodsky).
1984
Master-class "architecture of Chaos", the Moscow Architectural Institute (in collaboration with Dushkin).
1995-1996
Project Business Center in Syromyatnikov, Moscow (with S. Shestopalov).
1996
Project VIVOS Laboratory, Moscow, (with S. Shestopalov).
The project of the Museum of Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, Moscow, (with S. Shestopalov).
Church of the Resurrection in Sokolniki, Moscow. ensemble reconstruction concept (with S. Shestopalov).
1997
Savings Bank building, Sergiev Posad, Russia. Architectural conception, Moscow, (with S. Shestopalov).
The project Holy Trinity Podvorya near Sochi, Moscow, (with S. Shestopalov).
Rehabilitation sports complex in Khimki, Moscow.
1998
Kazarnovskii educational and sports complex, Moscow. The architectural concept.
Building project restaurant (ECSODUS Ltd.), Moscow (with E. Monakhov).
Competition project for the Museum of Art, Duke University, USA.
1999
The project is a wooden church for Valaam Island, Russia.
The "Time Capsule" design competition for The New York Times, USA.
The scenery for the play "The Brothers and Lisa" Theater. Moscow City Council, Moscow.
The reconstruction of the cinema "October", Moscow (with V. Fenogenovym).
2000
Residential complex "Monplaisir", with the layout of the adjacent park, Moscow
Residential project "The Palace", Moscow (with S. Kiselyov and M. Chirkov)
2001
Disposition of the village Nicolino, Moscow region
Project settlement plan Zhukovka, Moscow Region
2002
Country house near Prague, Czech Republic
Disposition of the Holy-Transfiguration Valaam Monastery "The new monastery", Republic of Karelia, Russia
2003
Tourist Complex, Sudak, Crimea, Ukraine
Disposition of the village, "The Ark", Moscow region
2004
Temple of Russian new martyrs, "Pantheon", the Butovo Polygon, Moscow
2005
Rustic villa, Moscow region
Rustic villa, Moscow region
Rustic villa, Moscow region
Reconstruction of the Conception Convent, Moscow
City estate, Moscow
The apartment complex on Neglinnaya Street, Moscow
2006
South Cottage, Krasnodar region, Russian Federation
Rustic villa, Moscow region
Rustic villa, Moscow region
Planning settlement "Golden Valley", Moscow region
Country estate complex, Moscow region
The regeneration of the complex of houses, Moscow
2007
Rustic villa, Moscow region
Residential building with underground parking, Tyumen, Russian Federation
Rustic villa, Moscow region
Housing estate "Marfino", Moscow
2008
Residential complex "White City", Pyalovskoe Reservoir, Moscow Region
Rural cottage M, Moscow region
The apartment complex, Sergiev Posad, Moscow region
Reconstruction of the town square, Serpukhov, Moscow region


SELECTED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION
1985-1989
Museum Aleksandra Grina, Feodosia, the USSR (with A.Brodskim)
1986-1987
"Atrium" restaurant, Moscow, USSR (with A. Brodsky and E. Monakhov).
1991-1992
The entrance portal European ceramics center, 's Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands (with A. Brodsky)
1997-2000
Country estate in the village of Pines, Moscow region
2000-2004
Multi-storey residential building in Levshinskiy Lane, Moscow. (Together with the SCIP)
2000-2004
Country estate in the village of Zhukovka, Moscow Region
2000-2004
Country estate in the village of Zhukovka, Moscow Region
2005-2007
Individual house, Tver region


OTHER JOBS
1998
Set design for the play Theater. Moscow City Council, "Brothers and Lisa", Moscow.
2000
Set design for the ballet "Cinderella" of the Mariinsky Theater, St. Petersburg
2005
Set design for the ballet "Bright Stream", National Opera, Riga (with E. and E. Markov Monakhov)
2008
Set design for the ballet "Flames of Paris", the Bolshoi Theater, Moscow (with E. Monakhov and E. Markov)


SOLO EXHIBITIONS
1984
Gallery "Regina", a photo exhibition "Melancholy", Moscow
1995-1998
Photo exhibition "Melancholy", USA
2000
"Outdated architecture Ili Utkina" Moskomarkhitektura, Moscow
2001
"24" photo exhibition. House of Photography. Moscow


Joint exhibition with Aleksandrom Brodskim
1989
Gallery of San Diego University, USA, "Alexander Brodsky and Ilya Utkin".
1990
Gallery "Linda Farris", Seattle, Washington, USA, "Alexander Brodsky and Ilya Utkin".
Gallery «Ronald Feldman Fine Arts», New York, USA, "Brodsky & Utkin."
1991 Gallery 72, Omaha, USA, "Architectural drawings Aleksandra Brodskogo and Ili Utkina".
Tacoma Art Museum, United States, "Brodsky and Utkin: 12 Bridge Street Project".
Pittsburgh Art Center, USA, "Brodsky and Utkin."
1991
Art Gallery Wellington, New Zealand, «PALAZZO NERO» (Black Palace).
Art Museum of the University of Arizona, Tucson, USA, "Alexander Brodsky and Ilya Utkin: Projects".
1992
Portland Museum of Art, USA, "Brodsky and Utkin: Paper Architecture in the real world."
Bailey Art Museum, University of Virginia, USA, "Brodsky and Utkin: Sculpture and prints two Russian" paper "architects".
1993
Gallery 210, University of Missouri, St. Louis, USA, "Brodsky and Utkin - Paper Architecture".
Gallery «Kathy Kaperick», Tacoma, United States, "Brodsky and Utkin."


SELECTED EXHIBITIONS
1985
Gallery SKVC, Ljubljana, "paper architecture."
1988
«La Grande Halle de La Villette», Paris, the Soviet paper architecture. "
Museum of Finnish Architecture, Helsinki, "Soviet architecture 1917 -1988."
17th Triennale, Milan, "City of the world and the future of the metropolis."
«The Clocktower», New York, present tense: 25 years disrespectful architecture. "
Architectural Association, London, "Culture of Nostalgia."
1989
German Architecture Museum, Frankfurt, "Paper Architecture - new projects of the Soviet Union."
«The Clocktower», New York, exhibition "Diomedes".
«De Tien van Fort Asperen», Leerdam, Netherlands, "Architecture and imagination."
Amsterdam, "Soviet architecture: 1917- 1988".
Competition Center «Jacob K. Javits ", New York," East meets West in the field of design. "
1989
Architectural Museum of Tacoma, Tacoma; I. C. . A, Boston; Art Center «Des Moines», USA: "Between Spring and Summer: Soviet Conceptual Art in the late communism."
The MIT, Center for Visual Arts, the United States, "Paper Architecture: New projects of the Soviet Union."
Art Museum «Jane Voorhees Zimmerli», Rutgers University, USA, "Intaglio 1980".
Architectural Society, Brussels, "paper architecture."
1990
Gallery "Spectrum", of San Francisco, "Avakumov / Brodsky / Utkin: Conceptual Soviet architecture."
Gallery "Irving", Sydney, "After perestroika."
1991
Gallery "by Ewing", University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA, "Actual / Actual".
1992
city ​​art center Paradise, Paradise, USA. "From chaos to creation: Russian Art 1972 - 1992 he."
1993
Museum «De Saisset», Santa Clara University, USA, "The ideal landscapes: Artists from the former Soviet Union."
Moscow Architectural Institute, Moscow, "paper architecture."
1994
«Wessel & Lieberman Books», Seattle, USA, "Romantic view".
1995
Art Museum of the University of Duke in the United States, "Russian conceptual art of the 1980s in the collection."
«Ronald Feldman Fine Art», New - York, "Seclusion".
«The X - Art Foundation», New York, "in favor of bright art"
1996
Tretyakov Gallery, Krymsky Val, Moscow, "Architecture and Design 97."
Exhibition Center on Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment, Moscow, "Architecture and Construction".
1996
Tretyakov Gallery, Krymsky Val, Moscow, "Architecture and Design 97."
1997
Exhibition Hall Manege, Moscow, "Modern design."
1999
Moskomarkhitektura, Moscow, "Most of the XXI century."
2000
Venice Biennale, Venice, Russian Pavilion, "paradise Ruins" (with M. Filipov).
2001
"Russian project" SCHZE, Moscow, Museum of Unique Dolls.


SELECTED REFERENCES

Architecture de Papier d'URSS. Paris: 1988.
Nostalgia of Culture. Contemporary Soviet Visionary Architecture. London: 1988.
Papier Architektur - Neue Projecte aus der Sowjetunion. Frankfurt: 1989.
Paper Architecture - New Projects from the Soviet Union. Cambridge: MIT, 1989.
East meets West in Design: Archaeology of the Present. New York: 1989.
Architectuur en Verbeelding. De Tien Van Fort Asperen: 1989.
Between Spring and Summer: Soviet Conceptual Art in the Era of Late Communism. Tacoma Art Museum, Boston ICA: 1990.
After Perestroika. Sydney: 1991.
Brodsky and Utkin. New York, Princeton Architectural Press and Ronald Feldman Fine Arts: 1991.
Palazzo Nero and other projects. Wellington: 1992.
Boym, C. New Russian Design. New York: 1992
Brodsky & Utkin. Paper Architecture in the Real World. Portland: 1993.
Metropolis and City Capitals: Italy, Russia, and the United States. Rome: 1993.
Alexander Brodsky & Ilya Utkin, The Portal. The Netherlands: European Ceramic Work Centre, 1994.
Paper Architecture. Moscow: 1994.
581 Architects in the World. Tokyo: 1995.
Crosscurrents: Fifty-one World Architects. Contemporary Architects - Ideas and Works. Tokyo: 1996.
N.Dushkina. Metamorphosis of antiquity in Moscow Syromyatnikov. Architectural Gazette, №4, 1996.
I.Utkin. War or peace. Architectural Gazette, №3, 1998.
I.Utkin. Monster hour. Project Russia: the annual report, №11, 1998.
M. Naschokina. Architect house Utkin. Project Russia., 2004.
Vladimir Sedov. The White house. Classic project., 2005.


PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

USA : Bayly Art Museum then, of University then Virginia You; Des Moines Art Centre; Duke University Museum of Art; Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston; Museum of Art, University of Arizona; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Portland Art Museum; San Diego Museum of Contemporary Art; San Diego University Art gallery; The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington ;
Zealand the New : Wellington Art Gallery;
Russia , Moscow State Museum of Fine Arts named after AS Pushkin; Bank "Capital".

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