Judy Chicago, American (1939 - )

Born July 20, 1939 - Chicago, IL


Education


Masters of Art, 1964 - University of California, Los Angeles, CA
Bachelor of Art, 1962 - University of California, Los Angeles, CA, Member, Phi Beta Kappa

Honorary Degrees


Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts, 2003 - Duke University, Durham, NC
Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters, 2000 - Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts, 2000 - Smith College, Northampton, MA
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts, 1992 - Russell Sage College, Troy, NY

Books Written by Judy Chicago

The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation, 2007
Kitty City: A Feline Book of Hours, 2005
Fragments From The Delta of Venus, 2004
Women and Art: Contested Territories, 1999, co-authored with Edward Lucie-Smith
Beyond the Flower: The Autobiography of a Feminist Artist, 1996
The Dinner Party/Judy Chicago, 1996
Holocaust Project: From Darkness into Light, 1993
The Birth Project, 1985
Embroidering our Heritage: The Dinner Party Needlework, 1980
The Dinner Party: A Symbol of Our Heritage, 1979
Through the Flower: My Struggle as a Woman Artist, 1975

Books Written about Judy Chicago
Becoming Judy Chicago, 2007 Gail Levin
Judy Chicago, 2002 Dr. Elizabeth Sackler, ed.
Essays by Lucy Lippard and Dr. Viki Thompson Wylder
Judy Chicago: An American Vision, 2000 Edward Lucie-Smith, ed.
Sexual Politics: Judy Chicago's Dinner Party in Feminist Art History, 1996 Dr. Amelia Jones, ed.



Judy Chicago is an artist, author, feminist, educator, and intellectual whose career now spans four decades. Her influence both within and beyond the art community is attested to by her inclusion in hundreds of publications throughout the world. Her art has been frequently exhibited in the United States as well as in Canada, Europe, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. In addition, a number of the books she has authored have been published in foreign editions, bringing her art and philosophy to thousands of readers worldwide.
In the early seventies after a decade of professional art practice, Chicago pioneered Feminist Art and art education through a unique program for women at California State University, Fresno, a pedagogical approach that she has continued to develop over the years. In 1974, Chicago turned her attention to the subject of women's history to create her most well-known work, The Dinner Party, which was executed between 1974 and 1979 with the participation of hundreds of volunteers. This monumental multimedia project, a symbolic history of women in Western Civilization, has been seen by more than one million viewers during its sixteen exhibitions held at venues spanning six countries.
The Dinner Party has been the subject of countless articles and art history texts and is included in innumerable publications in diverse fields. The impact of The Dinner Party was examined in the 1996 exhibition, Sexual Politics: Judy Chicago's Dinner Party in Feminist Art History. Curated by Dr. Amelia Jones at the UCLA Armand Hammer Museum, this show was accompanied by an extensive catalog published by the University of California Press. In 2007, The Dinner Party was permanently housed at the Brooklyn Museum as part of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, thereby achieving Chicago's long-held goal of helping to counter the erasure of women's achievements. In conjunction with the permanent housing, Chicago published a final updated and departure book about The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation (Merrell, 2007).
From 1980 to 1985, Chicago worked on the Birth Project. Having observed an absence of iconography about the subject of birth in Western art, Chicago designed a monumental series of birth and creation images for needlework which were executed under her supervision by 150 skilled needle workers around the country. The Birth Project, exhibited in more than 100 venues, employed the collaborative methods and a similar merging of concept and media that characterized The Dinner Party. Exhibition units from the Birth Project can be seen in numerous public collections around the country including the Albuquerque Museum where the core collection of the Birth Project has been placed to be conserved and made available for exhibition and study.
While completing the Birth Project, Chicago also focused on individual studio work to create Powerplay. In this unusual series of drawings, paintings, weavings, cast paper, and bronze reliefs, Chicago brought a critical feminist gaze to the gender construct of masculinity, exploring how prevailing definitions of power have affected the world in general - and men in particular. The thought processes involved in Powerplay, the artist's long concern with issues of power and powerlessness, and a growing interest in her Jewish heritage led Chicago to her next body of art.
The Holocaust Project: From Darkness Into Light, which premiered in October 1993 at the Spertus Museum in Chicago, traveled to museums around the United States until 2002, and selections from the project continue to be exhibited. The Holocaust Project evolved eight years of inquiry, travel, study, and artistic creation; it includes a series of images merging Chicago's painting with the photography of Donald Woodman, as well as works in stained glass and tapestry designed by Chicago and executed by skilled artisans.
Resolutions: A Stitch in Time was Judy Chicago's last collaborative project. Begun in 1994 with skilled needle workers with whom she had worked for many years, Resolutions combines painting and needlework in a series of exquisitely crafted and inspiring images which - with an eye to the future - playfully reinterpret traditional adages and proverbs. The exhibition opened in June 2000 at the Museum of Art and Design, New York, NY, and was toured by them to seven venues around the United States and Canada.
For many decades, Chicago has produced works on paper, both monumental and intimate. These were the subject of an extensive retrospective which opened in early 1999 at the Florida State University Art Museum in Tallahassee, Florida. Organized by Dr. Viki Thompson Wylder, who is a scholar on the subject of Chicago's oeuvre, this was the first comprehensive examination of the body of Chicago's art. The exhibit, Trials and Tributes traveled through 2002 to eight venues and was accompanied by a catalog by Dr. Wylder with an introduction by renowned critic, Lucy Lippard.
In October 2002, a major exhibition surveying Chicago's career was presented at the National Museum of Women in the Arts. The show was accompanied by a catalog edited by Dr. Elizabeth A. Sackler with essays by Lucy Lippard and Dr. Viki Thompson Wylder and an Introduction by Edward Lucie-Smith.
In addition to a life of prodigious art making, Chicago is the author of numerous books: Through the Flower: My Struggle as a Woman Artist, 1975 (subsequently published in England, Germany, Japan, Taiwan, and China); The Dinner Party: A Symbol of Our Heritage, 1979; Embroidering Our Heritage: The Dinner Party Needlework, 1980 (also published in a combined edition in Germany); The Birth Project, 1985 (Anchor/Doubleday); Holocaust Project: From Darkness into Light, 1993; The Dinner Party/Judy Chicago, 1996; Beyond the Flower: The Autobiography of a Feminist Artist, 1996 (Viking Penguin); Fragments from the Delta of Venus, 2004 (powerhouse Books) and Kitty City: A Feline Book of Hours, 2005 (Harper Design International). She published a final book on The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation, 2007 (Merrell Publishers) in conjunction with the permanent housing of this icon of twentieth century art now featured in Janson.
In 1999, Chicago published a book coauthored with Edward Lucie-Smith, the well-known British art writer. Published in the U.S., Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand, and Germany, Women and Art: Contested Territory examines images of women by both male and female artists throughout history. In the spring of 2000, Judy Chicago: An American Vision, a richly illustrated monograph about Chicago's career by Edward Lucie-Smith, was published. This book provided the first comprehensive assessment of Chicago's body of art.
Fragments From The Delta Of Venus (powerHouse Books) is a collection of images based upon the erotic writing of Anais Nin. Also included in the book was an essay about Chicago's relationship with Nin who was her mentor in the early seventies. In conjunction with the book's publication, a number of exhibits were held surveying Chicago's erotic work created over three decades. For many years, Judy Chicago has been interested in redressing the iconographic void around women's perspective on sexuality and desire.
Judy Chicago's subsequent book, Kitty City: A Feline Book of Hours (Harper Design International), was based on a series of watercolors chronicling the life and activities of Judy Chicago, her husband, photographer Donald Woodman, and their bevy of cats. In conjunction with the publication of the book, a series of exhibitions were held around the country. Her most recent work is in glass, which she premiered at LewAllen Contemporary in late 2006.
In 1999, Chicago returned to teaching for the first time in twenty-five years, having accepted a succession of one-semester appointments at various institutions around the country beginning with Indiana University, Bloomington, where she received a Presidential Appointment in Art and Gender Studies. In 2000, she was an Inter-Institutional Artist in Residence at Duke University and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. In 2001, with her husband, photographer Donald Woodman, she undertook a project with students at Western Kentucky University. Working with students, faculty and local artists, Chicago and Woodman developed a project titled, At Home, examining the subject of "the house" from the perspective of residents of Kentucky who have a keen sense of place and home. In the fall of 2003, Chicago and Woodman team-taught again, facilitating an ambitious inter-institutional, multi-site project in Pomona and Claremont, California. In the spring of 2006, Chicago and Woodman were the first Chancellor's Artists in Residence at Vanderbilt University where they will facilitate a project involving Vanderbilt students and Nashville artists.
Chicago is the recipient of numerous grants and awards including an Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts from Russell Sage College in Troy, NY; an Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts, honoris causa from Smith College, Northampton, MA; an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; an Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts from Duke University, Durham, NC; the 1999 UCLA Alumni Professional Achievement Award; and a Visionary Woman Award from Moore College of Art and Design, Philadelphia, PA in 2004 as well as the Lion of Judah Award that same year. Many films have been produced about her work including Right Out of History; The Making of Judy Chicago's Dinner Party by Johanna Demetrakas; documentaries on Womanhouse, the Birth Project, the Holocaust Project and Resolutions; and two films produced by the Canadian Broadcast Corporation, Under Wraps and The Other Side of the Picture. E Entertainment Television included Judy Chicago in its three-part program, World's Most Intriguing Women. Recently, she was named one of the Eight Jewish Women Who Changed the World in the magazine published by the Union for Reform Judaism.
In 1996, the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America at Radcliffe College, Cambridge, MA, became the repository for Chicago's papers. Chicago is the first living artist to be included in this major archive, one already being used by scholars researching Judy Chicago's work, for example, the art historian, Gail Levin, who consulted the Schlesinger archives for her biography of Judy Chicago, "Becoming Judy Chicago" (Harmony, 2007).
For over four decades, Chicago has remained steadfast in her commitment to the power of art as a vehicle for intellectual transformation and social change and to women's right to engage in the highest level of art production. As a result, she has become a symbol for people everywhere, known and respected as an artist, writer, teacher, and humanist whose work and life are models for an enlarged definition of art, an expanded role for the artist, and women's right to freedom of expression.


Awards and Grants
Lion of Judah Award, Washington, DC, 2004
Visionary Woman Award, Moore College of Art and Design, Philadelphia, PA, 2004
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Art, Duke University, Durham, NC, 2003
Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, 2000
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Art, Smith College, Northampton, MA, 2000
UCLA Alumni Professional Achievement Award, 1999
The Getty Grant Program, for a conservation study of the Dinner Party, 1997
Proclamation, City of Albuquerque, 1996
Service to the Field Award, Spertus Museum of Judaica, 1994
Thanks Be to Grandmother Winifred Foundation, 1993
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Art, Russell Sage College, Troy, NY, 1992
International Friends of Transformative Arts, 1992
Streisand Foundation, 1992
Vesta Award, Los Angeles Women's Building, 1990
Threshold Foundation, 1988
California Arts Commission, 1984
Woman of Achievement of the World, Women's Pavilion, Louisiana World Exposition, 1984
National Endowment for the Arts; Individual Artist Grant, 1977
National Endowment for the Arts; Services to the Field Grant, 1976
Outstanding Woman of the Year, Mademoiselle Magazine, 1973

Teaching Experience
Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN First Chancellor's Artists in Residence with photographer Donald Woodman, 2006.
Pomona Arts Colony/Cal Poly Pomona/Pitzer College, Pomona and Claremont, CA "Envisioning the Future," an interdisciplinary and multi exhibition site project team-taught with photographer Donald Woodman, 2003.
Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY Professor-in-Residence, 2001: "At Home", an interdisciplinary project team-taught with photographer Donald Woodman.
Duke University and University of North Carolina - Durham and Chapel Hill, N.C Visiting Professor and Artist in Residence, 2000
Indiana University - Bloomington, IN Artist in Residence, 1999
College of St. Catherine, St. Paul, MN Artist in Residence, 1975
Feminist Studio Workshop; Los Angeles, CA Founder/Instructor, 1973 - 1974
California Institute of the Arts, Valencia, CA Faculty Member; Co-Founder with Miriam Shapiro, Feminist Art Program, 1971 - 1973
California State University, Fresno, CA Assistant Professor; Founded First Feminist Art Program, 1969 - 1971
UC, Irvine Extension Program, Irvine, CA, 1967 – 1969
UCLA Extension Program, Los Angeles, CA, 1964 – 1966


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