Two years later he founded the artist association 'Abstraction-Création' together with Vantongerloo with whom he published the group's Almanach until 1937. After the war the artist was the co-founder and vice president - from 1955 also the president - of the 'Salon des Réalites Nouvelles'. From 1938 his interest in the Italian Trecento led Herbin to a more concrete, strictly two-dimensional painting style with simple geometric forms. In 1946 he developed the 'alphabet plastique', a compositional system based on the structure of letters.
He published this compositional system as well as his colour theories - partly derived from Goethe's 'Farbenlehre' - in his 'L'art non-figuratif non-objectif' in 1949. A lateral paralysis in 1953 forced the artist to learn painting with his left hand. Herbin's typical architectural approach and his colour effects made his pre-war work widely known in the international art world - a success which continued after the war. Herbin exhibited works at the documenta in the years 1955 to 1972.
There was a large show at the Guggenheim Museum in New York in 1979 and he had works in the exhibition 'Positionen unabhängiger Kunst in Europa um 1937' at the Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen in Düsseldorf in 1987.