Beck & Jung (Holger Bäckström & Bo Ljungberg), Scandanavian

Beck and Jung
Beck & Jung was the Swedish artist duo Holger Backstrom (1939-1997) and Bo Ljungberg (1939-2007).

Beck & Jung is known among other things for the artwork Hello patient at the entrance to Huddinge Hospital and the mass produced ashtray Ultima with grids in checkered profile, which existed in many public buildings. Most famous are the variations of the three-dimensional grid in rainbow colors, which they designed as a test print for an early inkjet printers. These images (color cubes) were also sold as paintings.

Beck & Jung's first solo exhibition was at Lunds Konsthall 1967. The duo had already in 1966 started using the mainframe as an artistic medium. Image print options were limited at this time and the artists were forced to use radskrivarens default font to form the first primitive images. Despite technical difficulties and skepticism from colleagues and critics' side, they saw the great potential extension of the graphical image. During the 1970 - and 1980's, they worked mainly up images of Lund University computer center. The black and white images, they then took out was printed with stylus printers or pen plotter.
From 1973 worked Beck & Jung mainly with pictures in color, and the same year they showed their first computer-generated color images of Youth Biennale in Paris. Color graphics series Chromo Cube, Tebtunis, Dragon and Dendra are all produced using the Lund University data center inkjet, "The Color Ink Jet Plotter". The process is described in detail in the duo's book Chromo Cube from 1980. Data images are usually presented in the form of prints, such as lithographs or serigraphs, but they have also been used by artists as sketches for easel pictures and larger embellishments.
In the studio in Lund had Beck & Jung Macs and a Canon CLC 800 color laser printer that could print directly on acid-free paper graphics. When artists reviewed and approved the photos, numbered and signed the limited edition. Color laser images from the series Shoowa, Mini Flag, Color operator, Signal and Dendrabanan are produced in this way.
Beck & Jung painting and experiment with computer-generated images was recognized around the world, especially in the U.S. where they have had a dozen solo exhibitions. They have over the years also performed monumental decorations in Sweden and abroad. During the early 1970s, was designed also ashtray Ultima from bildalfabetets foundations. This sold over a million copies [citation needed].
In autumn 1996, they performed an extensive ornamentation of Studentlitteratur Education Center in Lund. They also, on behalf of the Courts Administration, stood for the artistic decoration of the court premises on Klippans District Court.
In 1996, they participated in several group exhibitions and had solo exhibitions at Galerie including Edward in Trelleborg. During the spring of 1997, they had a solo exhibition at Gallery Rackargården in Kalmar. During the summer, they showed a suite of new data generated images at International Poster Triennal'97 in Cracow in Poland and last show together was "Computer Arts" which was shown at the Museum der Stadt Gladbeck in Germany.

In conjunction with the exhibition "Beck & Jung-Data Arts Pioneers" was published in 2009 the book with cheerful greetings - Beck & Jung.

Museums and University Collections

Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Gothenburg Museum of Art, Sweden
Norrköping Art Museum, Sweden
Art museum Malmo Museum, Sweden
Röhss Museum Gothenburg, Sweden
Viking's Art Museum, Helsingborg, Sweden
Ystad Art Museum, Sweden
Amos Anderson Museum, Helsinki, Finland
Bibliotheque National, Paris, France
Bundner Kunstmuseum, Chur, Switzerland
Copper-Hewitt Museum, New York, N. Y. USA
Franklin Furnace, New York, N. Y. USA
Gentofte Art Library, Denmark
Kunsthalle, Kiel, Germany
Kunsthalle Rostock, Germany
Milwaukee Art Museum, WI. USA
Museum für Kunst, Lübeck, Germany
Museum of Art, Cholet, France
Museum of Modern Art, Budapest, Hungary
Museum of Modern Art, Paris, France
Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, Calif. USA
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
San Jose Institute of Contemporary Art, Calif. USA
Städtische Museum, Freiburg, Germany
Tessin Institute, Paris, France
The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan
The Pratt Art Collection, New York, USA
Wilhelm-Haak-Museum, Ludwigshafen, Germany
Gruenenbaum, UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif. USA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mass. USA
University of Karlsruhe, TH, Germany
University of Paris VIII, France
University of Roma, "Guido Castelnuovo", Italy
Vrije Universiteit A.I.Lab Brussels, Belgium

Working in the public environment (selection)

Corner Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1984
Svaleboskolan, Veberöd, Sweden, 1984
M / S Queen Elizabeth II, U.K., 1984
Forest Nursing Home Bargains, Bastad, Sweden, 1984
Lundabygdens Savings, Lund, Sweden, 1984
Ball AG, W-Berlin, Germany, 1985
Tycho Brahe School, Helsingborg, Sweden, 1986
Forskarbyn Ideon, Lund, Sweden, 1986
Salman Trust, Saduz, Liechtenstein, 1987
Stock Exchange Building, Malmö, Sweden, 1987
DMG, Dental Materials, Hamburg, Germany, 1987
K-Konsult, Lund, Sweden, 1988
GARO AB Gnosjo, Sweden, 1988
Tetra Pak Ltd, Wrexham, U.K., 1988
Palm Color, Hamburg, Germany, 1989
Bygghälsan, Malmo, Sweden, 1989
Tnuva, Tel-Yosef, Israel, 1989
Lamberet, Saint-Cyr-sur-Menthon, France, 1989
Pharmacy Stork, Eslöv, Sweden, 1989
Tetra Pak, Lund, Sweden, 1990
HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden, 1990
Urbanization Kv. The milk, Umeå, Sweden 1991
Canon Swedish AB, Malmo, Sweden, 1992
Tnuva, Tel-Yosef, Israel, 1993
Delta Desserts Plant, Athens, Greece, 1993
Parmalat, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1994
Flight Management School, F5 Ljungbyhed, Sweden, 1994
Astra Draco, Lund, Sweden, 1995
Klippan District Court, Klippan, Sweden, 1996
University Press, Lund, Sweden, 1996
Cubes in Flux, 1972, south facade of the center house in Linerovägen, Vikingavägen in Lund, 1972

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