Komar, Russian (1943 - ) and Alexander Melamid, Russian (1945 - )
Vitaly Komar (1943) and Alexander
Melamid (1945) born in Moscow. They attend and graduate
from the Stroganov School of Art and Design (1967).
Their first joint show, Retrospectivism, appears in the Blue
Bird CafÈ (Moscow, 1967).
“Even if only one of us creates some of the projects and
works, we usually sign them together. We are not just an artist,
we are a movement” (from artist’s statement).
During the late 60’s and early 70’s, Komar &
Melamid found the movement that they call Sots Art, a unique
version of Soviet Pop and Conceptual Art, which combines the
principles of Dadaism and Socialist Realism. During these years,
they also work on Post-Art, pioneering multi-stylistical images
prescient of post-modernism, which will become popular in the
80’s. They collaborate on various conceptual projects,
ranging from painting and performance to installation, public
sculpture, photography, music, and poetry. They also collaborate
with other artists, for example, Douglas Davis, Fluxus member
Charlotte Moorman, Andy Warhol, among others.
In 1973, they are expelled from the Youth section of the Soviet
Artist Union. In 1974, they are arrested during a performance
in a Moscow apartment show and later their works, along with
the works of other nonconformist artists, are destroyed by Soviet
authorities at the open-door “Bulldozer Show.” By
1978 they are living in New York. Their first show in the West
is at the Feldman Gallery (New York, 1976), and their first
individual museum show is at the Hartford Athenaeum (Harford,
In the 80’s, they continue developing their Sots Art (Nostalgic
Socialist Realism Series, May 1st Installation at the Palladium
Disco) and Post-Art (Diary Series, Anarchistic Synthesis Series,
Bayonne, N.J. Series). They are the first Russian artists to
receive funding from the National Endowment for the Arts, and
are also the first Russian artists to be invited to the Documenta
8 (Kassel, Germany, 1987).
They devote their projects in the 90’s to iconoclasm (Monumental
Propaganda, American Dreams), democracy and elitism by statistics
(People’s Choice), and ecology (Ecollaboration with Animals,
Asian Elephant Project). Komar & Melamid’s most recent
projects are devoted to art as a religion and to the synthesis
of irony and spirituality (Van Gogh Art Ministry, Symbols of
the Big Bang and Nostalgic Nonconformist Art, a project in progress).
They can be found in Oxford’s Dictionary of 20th Century
Art; The Penguin Concise Dictionary of Art History; Art Since
the 40’s; Bildende Kunst im 20 Jahrhundert; and Phaidon’s
The 20th–Century Art Book.
Selected individual exhibitions: Museum of Modern Art (Oxford,
1985) and Museum of Decorative Art in the Louvre (Paris 1985–1986);
NGBK (Berlin, 1987); Brooklyn Museum of Art (New York, 1989);
Museum of Modern Art (Cologne, 1997); Kunsthalle Vienna (Vienna,
1998); Venice Biennial (Venice, 1999); Kawamura Memorial Museum
of Art (Japan, 2003); Yeshiva University Museum (New York, 2002–2003).
Selected Public Collections: Guggenheim Museum (New York), Metropolitan
Museum of Art (New York), Whitney Museum of American Art (New
York), Museum of Modern Art (New York), Victoria and Albert
Museum (London), Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), Albertina (Vienna),
Museum Ludwig (Cologne), San Francisco Museum of Art.