Juan Muñoz, Spanish (1953 - 2001)
Juan Muñoz was born on June 17, 1953 in Madrid, Spain.
He attended the Central School of Art and Design in London between 1976 and 1977; the Croydon College of Design and Technology, London, 1979-80; and Pratt Graphic Center, New York, 1982 (Benezra, 1997). Right upon his return to Spain, where he lives and works, he began exhibiting in the new Galeria Franando Vijande (Tager, 1991), his first solo-exhibition in 1994 (Dia Center for the Arts [DCA] (a), 1996).Since the mid 1980, Muñoz places his installations around the world, in closed and open spaces.
Muñoz has also devised radio programs, and published books containing his oun texts and material which he edited (DCA (a), 1996). In 1994 he installed a piece in the Irish Museum of Modern Art. The essay, which usually accompanies a new installation, was replaced with 11 fiction stories based on the works of Juan Muñoz (Richard, 1997).
For the Hirshhorn exhibition (located in the Directions gallery, at the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, third floor), Muñoz worked in his studio outside Madrid during winter 1996-1997. "An avid reader and inventive writer, Muñoz continually searches far afield for parallel work in other areas - including the history of art, architecture, literature, music, and theater for examples of artists who have found original ways to respond to their times," says Neal Benezra (1997), the exhibition's curator.