Enrique Ochoa, Spanish (1890 - 1978)

Enrique Ochoa

​Enrique Estevez Ochoa, better known by his signature as “Enrique Ochoa”, was born on April 27 in "El Puerto de Santa Maria" (Cádiz).

When he was only five years old, he and his family embarked for The Philippines, doing a transfer in Singapore. The cause was a voluntary enlistment of his father, Infantry Lieutenant, to fight insurrections that were taking place overseas.

His mother died in the battle of Cavite (Philippines) a year later, and that is why his father and the Ochoa's brothers (Henry and María Felisa) came back to Spain. Two years later his father died as well as a result of a serious illness.

The little Enrique joined the María Cristina Academy for military orphans training in Toledo, where he was marked by the work of El Greco and began his artistic training.

Ochoa settled down in Seville where he began to study at the High Art School and he started making a living painting the characters of a typical Sevillian neighbourhood.

He moves to Madrid and gets involved in its Bohemian atmosphere where he begins to emerge as a flagship of modernism and art deco.

Later on, he begins his phase as an illustrator working in several publications such as "For those Worlds" (Por esos Mundos), "The Sphere" (La Esfera), "New World" (El Nuevo Mundo), "Stamp" or "White and Black" (Estampa o Blanco y Negro) which he collaborates with until 1931.

He married Julia Puertas Gonzalez in the Parish of San Antonio de la Florida and they had three children (two of them died when they were young). This marriage lasted just a few years.

He settles down in Barcelona and joined in a stable union with his student the painter Carmen Oses Hidalgo from Bilbao, who he lived, painted and travelled around the world with until her death in 1961.

He paints and pays tribute to Federico García Lorca.

He is awarded with the great prize of the Venice Biennale.

He exiled to Paris because of the Spanish Civil War.

He comes back to Spain and settles down in Mallorca until his death. Until 1949, Ochoa secluded in cell number 4 of the Cartuja in Valldemosa, same one that Frederic Chopin used once. He creates "imágenes internas" (internal images) as a reflection of a dream world and that starts his called "Plastic Musical" phase.

He was awarded with the Special Award Princess Sofia. Salón de Otoño in Madrid.

Gold Medal at the International Exhibition Grand Prix in Paris. He is appointed "Grand Officier de l'Ordre de PAHC". Member of the International Academy of Arts of Lutèce.

Enrique Ochoa died in Palma de Mallorca and his remains were moved to his hometown El Puerto de Santa María, where there is a Street with his name.

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