Felipe Orlando, Mexican/Cuban (1911 - 2001)

 (Tenosique, Tabasco, 1911). Cuban painter, teacher and writer, active in Mexico. He lived in Cuba from 1914 to 1946, and then in New York before settling in Mexico City in 1951. Orlando exhibited widely in the USA and Europe. In his semi-abstract figures, still-lifes and landscapes, texture was an important element.

In this aspect he was clearly influenced by the work of Rufino Tamayo and Jean Dubuffet. He also wrote fiction and lectured on the Cuban philosopher and political theorist Jose Marti, as well as on art, ecology and Afro-Cuban culture.

An anthropologist as well as a painter and engraver, Orlando, whose full name was Felipe Orlando Garcia Murciano, studied at the University of Havana and at the painting workshop of Jorge Arche and Víctor Manuel. He was a founding member of the Asociación de Pintores y Escultores de Cuba (APEC) and aprofessor at the Universidad de las Américas and the  Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, both in Mexico City. His work was exhibited regularly in solo and group shows until 1995 and is in the permanent collections of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in Havana, the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Museum of Modern Art of Latin America in Washington, D.C., among others. Orlando was the subject of various documentary films, including La pintura de Orlando, filmed in Mexico City in 1950, Wolf Hanke’s Felipe Orlando, done for Germany’s RTV and  Felipe Orlando, for Mexico’s Channel 5. His collection of pre-Columbian art formed the core of the Archeological museum at Benalmádena, Spain, of which he was honorary director since its creation in 1970 (Cintas for art, 1967-68)

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