Scanga, American (1932 - 2006)
The paintings of Italo Scanga
express intoxication with pure color. Historically we have found
similar color used in the service of emotive expressivness in
the work of the expressionists, or in the experimental, brilliant
work of the Fuaves in the early 20th century.
Scanga's work derives from
neither group. These paintings are not statements on ideas nor
are they used to express dark emotions. They are instead involved
with an immediate and sensuous feeling of color by and for it's
own sake. Scanga is a native Italian and thes pieces express
Italian attitudes about having fun, never taking oneself too
seriously and the enjoyment of the moment.
Distinguished Alumni Award, Michigan State Univ. East Lansing, MI
N.E.A., Visual Artist Grant
Born Lago (Calabria), Italy
M.F.A., B.A., Michigan State University East Lansing, MI
Professor, Visual Arts Department, Univ. of CA San Diego, La Jolla
1932 Italo Pasquale Bernardo Scanga born on June 6, 1932 in Lago, Calabria
to Giuseppe and Serafina Ziccarelli, youngest of four children: Carolina, Mafalda
1939-1945 Prepares to leave with his mother for America to meet his father
and brother. American troops invade Italy on the day of departure and they
are unable to leave. Spends the war years in Lago with his mother and very
little resources. Works as a cabinetmaker's apprentice and studies sculpture
with a man who carves statues of saints.
1947 Emigrates to America with his mother to Pt. Marion, PA where his father
works as a laborer for the railroad.
1950 Moves to Garden City, MI with his family and works at General Motors lifting
transmissions on an assembly line.
1951-1953 Studies at the Society of Arts and Crafts in Detroit, MI. Scanga
with his painting, Detroit, MI
1953 Due to his language barrier graduates from Garden City High School at
the age of 21 while continuing to work evenings at General Motors. Scanga at
High School Graduation, Garden City, MI
1953-1955 Serves in the US Army, stationed in Austria in an armored tank division.
Scanga in U.S. Army
1956 Marries Mary Louise Ashley, a librarian at the Garden City Public Library.
Moves to East Lansing, MI where he enrolls at Michigan State University. Scanga
with his first wife Mary Ashley
1956 First son, Italo Antonio Amadeo (Tony) born.
1958 Father, Guiseppe dies in Garden City, MI. Scanga with his parents, Serafina & Guiseppe
Scanga, Garden City, MI
1959 Daughter, Katherine Elizabeth (Cici) born. Look Magazine commissions him
to do a photographic "human story" about his mother, a widow immigrant,
returning with her to Calabria (where she remains until the end of her life).
Publishes a book of these photographs in 1979.
1960 Graduates from Michigan State University with a BA. Meets Richard Merkin
and David Pease, fellow students who remain friends throughout his life. Studies
under Lyndsey Decker who introduces him to welding and sculpture after his
initial interest in photography. Also studies with Charles Pollock, brother
of Jackson Pollock.
1961 Receives an MA degree from Michigan State University. First teaching job
at University of Wisconsin (through 1964). Meets Harvey Littleton, a fellow
instructor. Lives in faculty housing. Scanga with his sculpture, Madison,
1962 Daughter Serafina Annaliese (Sarah) born.
1963 Son Guiseppe Edward (Joe) born. Cici, Tony, Joe & Sarah, Scanga's
children, Madison, WI
1964 Moves to Providence, RI to teach at Rhode Island School of Design (RISD).
Colleagues with artists Richard Merkin and Hardu Keck. Starts a correspondence
with HC Westermann. Spends summers teaching at Brown University, colleague
of Hugh Townley.
1966 Moves to State College, PA and teaches at Pennsylvania State University
for one year. Meets artists Juris Ubans, Harry Anderson, Richard Frankel, and
Richard Calabro, who remain friends throughout his career.
Philadelphia Studio Assistants
1967 David Pease helps him get a tenure track position at Tyler School of Art
in Philadelphia, PA and the family moves to Glenside, PA. Artists he works
closely with include Ernest Silva, Lee Jaffe, Donald Gill, and William Schwedler.
Meets graduate student Dale Chihuly while lecturing at RISD and develops a
lifelong friendship. Scanga with Dale Chihuly
1969 Son, William Frankel (Bill) born. One person exhibition, Baylor Art Gallery,
Baylor University, Waco, TX. Buys his first home in Glenside, PA at 2225 Menlo
Avenue. Works in his basement studio, creates installations with farm implements,
herbs, glass containers and saint iconography. Works very closely with students
Larry Becker and Heidi Nivling (who later run a gallery in Philadelphia, PA),
and Harry Anderson. Welcomes many artists into his home including Donald Judd,
Dan Flavin, Bruce Nauman (a former student), Vito Acconci, Ree Morton and Rafael
Scanga with his daughter Sarah, 2225 Menlo Ave, Glenside, PA
1970 Exhibits "Saints, Glass, Tools, and Romances" at Atelier Chapman
Kelly, Dallas, TX, one of his first one-person installations. Included in the
sculpture annual at the Whitney Museum of American Art, NYC. Receives Howard
Foundation grant from Brown University.
1971 Collaborates with Dale Chihuly and Jamie Carpenter pouring molten glass
into bamboo at RISD. Exhibits the work at Museum of Art, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie,
NY. Teaches summer school at University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (through
1973) and has a show, "Christ & Pythagoras." Shows an installation
at Henri Gallery, Washington, DC.
1972 Solo exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art, NYC. Installations
at the Clocktower, NYC and Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.
Teaches in Rome, Italy for Tyler School of Art. Scanga with Maurice Mancini,
Joan Watson, Larry Becker, Harry Anderson, & Richard Calabro, 112 Greene
Street, New York, NY
1973 "Saints Glass" at 112 Greene Street Gallery, NYC. Installation
at the Institute of Contemporary Art at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,
PA. Meets Gordon Matta Clark and contributes to an artist cookbook. Goes to
Pilchuck Glass School, Stanwood, WA, founded by Dale Chihuly, as a visiting
artist. He continues to work there annually through 2001. Works over the years
with Pilchuck artists Richard Royal, Seaver Leslie, Jamie Carpenter, Joey Kirkpatrick,
Flora Mace, Robbie Miller, Billy Morris, Buster Simpson, Toots Zynsky, Howard
Ben Tre and Therman Statom. Separates from his wife Mary and leaves Glenside,
PA to live in Philadelphia at 1359 71st Ave. Receives an NEA grant.
Seattle Studio Assistants Scanga at 1359 71st Ave, Philadelphia, PA
1975 Meets Stephanie Smedley, an artist, who later becomes his wife. "Restoration
Pieces" at Alessandro Gallery, NYC.
1976 Moves to La Jolla, CA to take a one year job teaching at the University
of California, San Diego as a visiting professor. Hired by David and Eleanor
Antin at the suggestion of Ree Morton.
1977 Moves back to Philadelphia, PA and returns to Tyler School of Art. Exhibits "Saints,
Lamentations, Limitations" at Alessandro Gallery.
1978 Moves permanently to La Jolla to teach at UCSD with Newton and Helen Harrison,
David and Eleanor Antin, Manny Farber, Patricia Patterson, and Alan Kaprow.
The University supplies him with his first real studio in an old water tank
on campus. Creates "Fear" series while visiting Dale Chihuly that
summer in Providence, RI. Begins the first of several trips to Italy to make
pilgrimages, to visit his family, and to look at art and architecture.
UCSD Water Tower Studio Assistants Peter Lando, UCSD Water Tower Studio
1979 Creates the "Potato Famine" series, his first work at UCSD.
Exhibits them at the Boehm Gallery, Palomar College, San Marcos, CA and at
Gallery One, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA. Meets art dealer Barry
Rosen. Potato Famine Piece, UCSD Water Tower Studio
1980 Exhibits "Fear" and "Potato Famine" pieces at the
Frank Kolbert Gallery, NYC. Receives NEA grant.
1981 Two week residency at Crown Point Press, San Francisco, CA. Scanga touching
up prints, Tandem Press, Madison, WI
1982 Exhibits at Charles Cowles Gallery, NYC. Creates woodcuts with Chip Elwell.
After 9 years of separation, he and Mary Louise Ashley divorce.
1983 Marries Stephanie Smedley. Included in the Whitney Biennial, Whitney Museum
of American Art, NYC. Exhibits "Archimedes Troubles: Sculptures and Drawings" at
the La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, "Italo Scanga Heads" at
the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and "Italo Scanga: Sculptures" as
titled at the Delahunty Gallery, NYC. "Animal in Danger" and "Montecassino" series
made. Working with studio assistants Ryk Williams and Dan Britton. Joey Kirkpatrick & Scanga,
Pilchuck Glass School, Stanwood, WA
1984 Constructs "Figure Holding Fire" with his son Joe at Santa Barbara
Museo, Mammola, Italy, his first public commission. Joe and he continue doing
the public commissions together through the years. Included in "Primitivism
in 20th Century Art" at the Museum of Modern Art, NYC. Has his first one-person
show in Florida at the Bruce Helander Gallery.
1985 Begins the "Metaphysical" series with Ryk Williams in the water
tank, UCSD. "Italo Scanga New Works" at Arte Contemporaneo, Mexico
City, Mexico. Travels to Leggia, Switzerland and creates work for dealer Reto
a Marca with assistant Chuck Collings. Toru Nakatani begins working with him
at UCSD, and continues this working relationship (at his Turquoise Street studio)
for the remainder of his life.
1986 His first retrospective, "Italo Scanga: Recent Sculpture and Drawings" at
the Oakland Museum, Oakland, CA. Shows at John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco,
CA, the Fabric Workshop, Philadelphia, PA and Bette Stoler, NYC.
1987 Exhibits "Troubled World" series at Amalfi Arte, Amalfi, Italy.
1988 Purchases 961 Turquoise Street studio, San Diego, CA. Exhibits at Peggy
Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy; Anders Tornberg Gallery, Lund, Sweden;
Dorothy Goldeen Gallery, Santa Monica, CA; Larry Becker Gallery, Philadelphia,
PA and Germans Van Eck Gallery, NYC. Commission for the City of San Jose, CA "Figure
Holding the Sun."
Turquoise Street Studio Assistants
1989 Amalfi Arte publishes "Italo Scanga" with an essay by Michele
Buonomo. Separates from Stephanie Smedley and moves into Turquoise Street studio.
Receives Distinguished Alumni Award from Michigan State University. Eating
lunch with Willy Heeks, Gloria Cooper & friends at Turquoise Street Studio
1990 Artist in Residence at Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Skowhegan,
ME. Builds sculptures with son, Bill. Exhibits at Betsy Rosenfield Gallery
in Chicago, IL. Divorces Stephanie Smedley. Starts spending a majority of his
time working on paintings.
1991 Meets welder David Grindle and initiates a series of metal sculptures
with glass trees and cones and several large welded "Trees" at Turquoise
Studio. Travels to Vietri Sul Mare, Italy with son Bill to work at a ceramics
factory. Scanga with Toru Nakatani, Elena Bernardi, Roy Porello, Rachel Goldberger,
Annalisa Guidi, Haley Hodnett & David Grindle
1992 Meets Su-Mei Yu, a chef and restaurateur, his companion through the end
of his life. Exhibits in solo shows at the Athenaeum Music and Arts Library,
La Jolla, CA and the Susanne Hillberry Gallery, Birmingham, MI. Meets David
and Leisa Austin, and becomes a featured artist at Imago Galleries, Palm Desert,
CA. Scanga with his companion Su-Mei Yu, Union Station, Tacoma, WA
1993 Moves to Su-Mei Yu's house in La Jolla, CA but continues using Turquoise
Street as a studio. Has one person shows at the Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma,
WA and the Fay Gold Gallery, Atlanta, GE.
1994 Meets Nando Randi, visiting from Ravenna for the America's Cup. Over the
next years establishes friendships with many Italians visiting San Diego and
living in Italy including Chiara Fuschini, Felice Nittolo, Diego Esposito,
Ubaldo Grazia and Giuseppe Padula.
1995 Exhibition at Galleria Il Patio, Ravenna, Italy. Travels to Deruta, Italy
with son Bill and works at Deruta ceramic factory; also in 1996, 1997 and
1999. Travels to Thailand with Su-Mei Yu. Receives Chancellor's Award, University
of California, San Diego.
1996 Starts making sculptures with large carved wood religious figures he has
carved in Thailand. Exhibition at Barry Rosen & Jaap van Lier Modern & Contemporary
Art, NYC. Scanga painting Thai Figures, Turquoise Street Studio
1997 Artist-in-residence for two weeks at University of Virginia, Charlottesville,
VA. Makes frescoes with Megan Marlatt. Exhibitions at Bayly Art Museum, Charlottesville,
VA, Bryan Ohno Gallery, Seattle, WA, and Comune di Ravenna, Ravenna, Italy.
1998 Begins a series of small bronzes. Exhibits at Grossmont College Hyde Gallery,
San Diego, CA and Cuesta College Art Gallery, San Luis Obispo, CA
1999 Purchases a second studio at 4130 Napier Street, San Diego, CA. Shows
at Flanders Contemporary Art, Minneapolis, MN and The Lillian Berkley Collection,
Escondido, CA Scanga at Napier Street Studio, San Diego, CA
2000 Begins work on an exciting new series of work, after several years of
primarily painting, called the "Candlestick" series with Mike Patterson
and Neal Bociek. Exhibition at Larry Becker Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
2001 Major commission, "Continents" at the San Diego International
Airport. Ready to travel to Italy for several months for scheduled exhibitions
in Lago, Calabria and Ravenna, Italy. Also working on creating a museum of
his work in his hometown of Lago, Calabria. Dies of heart failure on July 27
at Turquoise Street studio at age 69.