b. 1901, Borgonovo, Switzerland; d. 1966, Chur, Switzerland
In 1927, the artist moved into a studio with his brother, Diego, his lifelong companion and assistant, and exhibited his sculpture for the first time at the Salon des Tuileries, Paris. His first show in Switzerland, shared with his father, was held at the Galerie Aktuaryus, Zurich, in 1927. The following year, Giacometti met André Masson, and by 1930 he was a participant in the Surrealist circle until 1934. His first solo show took place in 1932 at the Galerie Pierre Colle, Paris. In 1934, his first American solo exhibition opened at the Julien Levy Gallery, New York. During the early 1940s, he became friends with Simone de Beauvoir, Pablo Picasso, and Jean-Paul Sartre. From 1942, Giacometti lived in Geneva, where he associated with the publisher Albert Skira.
He returned to Paris in 1946. In 1948, he was given a solo
show at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York. The artist’s
friendship with Samuel Beckett began around 1951. In 1955, he
was honored with retrospectives at the Arts Council Gallery,
London, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. He received
the Sculpture Prize at the 1961 Carnegie International in Pittsburgh
and the Grand Prize for Sculpture at the 1962 Venice Biennale,
where he was given his own exhibition area. In 1965, Giacometti
exhibitions were organized by the Tate Gallery, London, the
Museum of Modern Art, New York, the Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek,
Denmark, and the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam. That same year,
he was awarded the Grand Prix National des Arts by the French
government. Giacometti died January 11, 1966, in Chur.