Gil Kane, Latvian-American (1926 - 2000)

Gil Kane was one of the masters of superhero comics, who has worked extensively for both Marvel and DC. Kane, whose real name was Eli Katz, was born in Riga, Latvia, in 1926. He moved with his family to New York in 1930, where he grew up in Brooklyn. He soon developed an avid thirst for comics, reading everything he could get his hands on, especially 'Buck Rogers', 'Tarzan', 'Dick Tracy', 'Terry and the Pirates' and 'Flash Gordon'.

In 1942, at the age of sixteen, he found a job in the comic shops of Jack Binder, taking penciled comics and drawing borders and word balloons in them. Later, he moved on the shop of Bernard Bailey and eventually became an independent artist, contributing to companies like MLJ Magazine, Prize Comics and Street & Smith.

After a while, Kane also took up penciling comics himself, and some of the earliest features he worked on are 'Inspector Bentley of Scotland Yard' in Pep Comics, 'Scarlet Avenger', 'Blackstone the Magician' and 'The Glamorous Teen Queen Candy'. Kane worked together with a number of great comic artists of that time, like Jack Kirby and Joe Simon, on titles like 'Wildcat' and 'Sandman' for National/DC. In 1943-44, he also did his first work for Timely/Marvel, including 'Red Hawk', 'The Vision' and 'Young Allies'.

At the same time, he attended the School of Industrial Art, where Carmine Infantino and Harvey Kurtzman were his classmates. In 1943, Gil Kane quit school to devote more time to his assignment work. A year later, he joined the army, where he tried to get a job as cartoonist on the camp newspaper. He returned from the Philippines in 1945, and immediately took up his work as a comic artist again, using many different pseudonyms, such as Pen Star, Scott Edward and Gil Stack, eventually sticking with the name Gil Kane.

Kane, always working very hard to improve his artwork, worked on various styles of comics, like westerns ('Johnny Thunder', 'Hopalong Cassidy', 'Matt Savage', 'The Trigger Twins', 'Nighthawk'), science fiction stories ('Rex the Wonder Dog', 'Rip Hunter', 'Captain Comet', 'Space Cabbie'), comics about movie stars and, most notably, superheroes. He reprised classic superheroes during the Silver Age of Comics, such as 'Green Lantern' (from 1959) and 'The Atom' (from 1961), for DC Comics. He succeeded Steve Ditko on 'The Hawk and the Dove' and Wally Wood on 'Captain Action'.

Later, for Stan Lee's Atlas line, he reinterpreted the 'Hulk', 'Thor' and 'Captain Marvel'. Starting in 1970, he had a notable run on 'Spider-Man', drawing among others the key episode in which Gwen Stacy was killed. Throughout the 1970s, Gil Kane made over 800 covers for comics such as 'Daredevil', 'Ka-Zar', 'Savage!', 'Ghost Rider' and many, many others. His additional pencil credits include a great many titles like 'Black Panther', 'The Micronauts', 'Daredevil', 'Warlock', 'Conan' and 'John Carter of Mars'.

Besides his work for DC and Marvel, Kane worked on 'Undersea Agents' and 'Thunder Agents' for Tower Comics, made the sword & sorcery graphic novel 'Blackmark' for Bantam Books and did black-and-white horror stories for the Warren magazines. His syndication credits include the daily 'Flash Gordon' for King Features in the 1960s, the daily strip 'Star Hawks' with Ron Goulart in the 1970s and some 'Tarzan' Sunday pages.

In the 1980s, he worked mostly for DC, doing runs on 'Superman', and 'Sword of the Atom', while also doing character designs for various Hanna-Barbera animated series and contributing to the 'Superman' animated cartoon series. In 1989, he did a comics adaptation of 'The Ring of the Nibelung' for DC, and four years later, he adapted 'Jurassic Park' to comics with George Perez. In 1994, he was present at Malibu Comics with 'Edge'. Among his latest works are two episodes of 'The Power of Shazam' (DC), 'The Life Story of Flash' (Marvel) and 'Superman: Distant Fires' (collection Elsewords).

Dynamic figure work, emotionally charged characters, and innovative staged fight scenes are his trademark. Gil became one of the most thoughtful spokespersons for the comics industry, helping them to gain the respect and attention they have long deserved. On 31 January 2000, Gil Kane died of complications from cancer.

Archie Goodwin, American (1937 - 1998)

Archie Goodwin was born on 8 September 1937, and became a successful American comic book writer. Early in his career he also did some other types of artwork. He started out as an assistant to Leonard Starr on 'Mary Perkins on Stage'. Goodwin also drew for Fishing World magazine and he worked as chief editor of Redbook magazine. In 1962, he joined Harvey Comics, where he drew 'Hermit'.

Afterwards, he joined Warren Publishing, where he started focusing on writing scenarios. From 1963, Goodwin wrote numerous stories for artists like Al Williamson, Joe Orlando, Gray Morrow and Neal Adams, which are published in Eerie and Creepy. From then on, his list of credits grows and grows. Archie Goodwin wrote for King Features Syndicate ('Secret Agent X-9' for Al Williamson and 'Captain Kate' for Hale and Jerry Skelly), Marvel ('Sub-Mariner', 'Fantastic Four', 'Iron Man', etc) and D.C. ('Batman').

Archie Goodwin became a chief editor at Marvel in 1975. He was responsible for the comic adaptations of 'The Empire Strikes Back' and the daily 'Star Wars' strip, which he took over from Russ Manning. He set up the Marvel Graphic Novel series, Epic Illustrated magazine, and the Epic Comics imprint while at Marvel. Goodwin died on 1 March 1998.

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