About The Artist:
Mireille Kramer, Painter. b. 1932, Egypt. Immigrated 1951. Studies: Hebrew University, literature and bible; Milan, Italy, Italian literature; School of Art, Louvre, Paris; Julian Academy of Graphics; Pratt institute, New York, graphics. Works in New York and lives at Ein Hod. A contemporary Israeli painter and printmaker, Mireille Kramer immigrated from Egypt to Israel in 1951. She first enrolled at the Hebrew University and then studied...
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About The Medium:
The printing process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal. In traditional pure etching, a metal (usually copper, zinc or steel) plate is covered with a waxy ground which is resistant to acid. The artist then scratches off the ground with a pointed etching needle where they want a line to appear in the finished piece, exposing the bare metal. The plate is then put through a high-pressure printing press together with a sheet of paper (often moistened to soften it). The paper picks up the ink from the etched lines, making a print.